Thursday, June 4, 2020

Consumer Law and Internet Advertising - Free Essay Example

Internet Advertising Advertising is one of the major vehicles through which seller can make the consumers/customers aware of their existing/new products. With help of effective advertising, sellers can add new customers while increasing the sales to their existing customer base. Internet is a source of easy connects between sellers and buyers. Online advertising can be of any form including text message, interactive graphics, audio or visual messages. E-advertising has gained popularity among marketers as it endows the sellers with information on consumer buying pattern and accordingly they can design specific products and advertisements to target certain group of audience. But unfortunately this ease of collecting data many times results in frauds, identity theft or violation of customer privacy. Every nationà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s legislation has certain rules and regulations protecting consumer and business from fraudulent and deceptive advertisements. E-advertisings are of no exceptions from this. Those rules and regulations help to maintain the credibility of the internet medium of promotions. The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has published few guidelines on online advertising: Advertising must tell the truth and not mislead the consumers Advertisers must have substantial evidences to back up their claims Advertisement must be fair Every advertisement should have required disclaimers or disclosure. These should be very clear so that consumers are able to notice, read and understand those important disclaimers Performance of the products being advertised should be demonstrated during the advertisement Unhappy consumers should get the refund money promised earlier FTC Act prevents unfair and deceptive promotions in any platform. Under Section 5 of FCT Act, an unfair or deceptive practice has been defined as the advertisement which is misleading or not giving full information regarding the product/service. Apart from above mentioned broad headers of advertisement rules, advertisements aimed at children need to follow the guidelines provided by The Childrenà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Advertising Review Unit (CARU) of the Council of Better Business Bureau. In India, for many years, advertisements were regulated by Govt. tribunal, court or police depending upon the nature of the disputes. Absence of a comprehensive legislation led various confusions both from the industry and the regulatory body perspective. In 1985, a self-regulatory authority, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Advertising Standard Council of India (ASCI)à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  was formed. Main objective of this authority was to ensure ethical practices in advertising. Body of ASCI has of Board of Governors, Customer Complaint Council (CCC) and Secretariat. It has members across relevant industries like advertising agencies, market research, consulting, business, education, lawyers, doctors, journalists etc. ASCIà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s work is based on four basic principles i.e. Honesty, Decency, Responsibility and Fairness in advertising. Objectives of ASCI are pretty much similar to what we have seen for FTC: Maintain image and trustworthiness of advertising Protect against misleading advertising Reinforce generally accepted standard of decency in advertisement Avoid unacceptable practices from societyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s point of view If a person feels some advertisement is misleading or deceptive, he/she can directly approach ASCI with the complaint. ASCI follows several steps to cross check the validity of the complaints. In case the advertiser is found to be guilty, ASCI has the power to stop the specific advertisement. During mid of the year 2013, ASCI received complaints against 144 advertisement campaigns on misleading information. Some of the big giants in health and beauty products like Hindustan Unilever, Dabur, Reckitt Benckiser etc. were mentioned in that list. One of the examples was against Hindustan Unilever where Sunsilk Perfect Straight advertisement showed that the shampoo could keep the hair perfectly straight after attending gym session or party. Customer Complaint Council (CCC) found that the advertiser could not substantiate the message and therefore, they sustained the complaint (Source: https://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-08-23/news/41440553_1_asci-national-advertising-mo nitoring-service-complaints-council). Online retailer Snapdeal.com advertised on heavy discounts on October 6, 2014. ASCI mentioned this advertisement as false and non-substantiated by the retailer as the items which were on discount, were not available for the buyers (Source: https://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2015-01-05/news/57705281_1_customer-complaints-council-narsee-monjee-institute-nissan-motor-india). Recently ASCI has announced the launch of a mobile app through which consumer can lodge complain against misleading advertisement on internet and social media (Source: https://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2015-03-19/news/60286550_1_asci-advertising-standards-council-new-mobile-app). However, ASCI only acts as a moral support group in the protection of consumersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ choice from unethical/untruthful advertisements. Advertiser, if not satisfied with ASCI corrective measures, can take the concern to statutory authorities. There are several examples of these kinds of incidents. On 18th December 2014, ASCI gave order to e-commerce site Amazon to withdraw/modify their claim as à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“largest online retail storeà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ . But following Amazonà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s plea, Delhi High Court directed ASCI not to enforce that till January 5, 2015 (Source: https://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2014-12-29/news/57494962_1_advertising-standards-council-asci-amazon). India having both advertising law and the self-regulatory body ASCI, creates confusion and delay in judgments many times. Advertisement law in India (especially with the surge of online business) seeks more attention to be full proof to protect consumer and business interest. References: https://psalegal.com/upload/publication/assocFile/TMTBulletin-IssueXIV.pdf?utm_source=Mondaqutm_medium=syndicationutm_campaign=View-Original https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents/plain-language/bus28-advertising-and-marketing-internet-rules-road.pdf https://www.verio.com/resource-center/business-guides/internet-law/ https://www.legalservicesindia.com/article/article/legal-protection-of-consumers-1463-1.html

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Notes On Christianity And Culture - 909 Words

Vidhi Gandhi Christianity and Culture in Dialogue Prof. Miller Paper Assignment 1 Faith and Philosophy as Explored by Justin Martyr and Tertullian Christianity and reason have historically been difficult matters to reconcile. They often conflict with each other, leading to some sort of existential angst. In the early Church, the role of philosophy and its use to understand Christianity was challenged by Justin Martyr and Tertullian. Both Justin and Tertullian confront the issue of faith and reason through their interaction with the Greek philosophy. Justin advocated the use of philosophy in religion, while Tertullian argued against it, but neither of them can be categorized as â€Å"positive† or â€Å"negative† about human culture due to the complexity involved in each argument. Justin applies philosophy to Christianity in order to grasp higher truth. Whereas, Tertullian is more intensely obstinate than Justin in his rejection of philosophy in relation to faith on the basis that it poisons the Christian community and strays them away from the Truth. Despite the differences, the Christian attitude concerning the cu lture is consistent in both texts as†¦.. say somethingggg Justin Martyr’s defense of philosophy in religion is somewhat implicit, in that he uses it in order to defend Christianity. Justin, in his apology for the Christians addressed to the Roman Emperors, makes no overt claim that philosophy should be applied to Christianity, but does so through implication and through hisShow MoreRelatedChristianity And The Modern World Essay1636 Words   |  7 Pagesideology that has been prevalent in the Modern World since 1815 is Christianity. Christianity is the world’s largest religion serving as an umbrella term for so many sub religions and representing so many interpretations. Since its creation it has played a major role in the lives of thousands of individuals seeking to â€Å"reborn† in the eyes of their lord and savior Jesus Christ. As a result, is it important to note the role Christianity has played on other ideologies in the United States. Which is whyRead MoreThe Classical Period Directions, Diversities And Declines B y 500 C.e1187 Words   |  5 PagesQuestions: Notes: The Classical Period Directions, Diversities and Declines by 500 C.E. Expansion and Integration †¢ Expansion and Integration -Integration includes a mixture of central political values, and institution, common cultures and social values and commercial links -550-400 B.C.E- seminal thinkers rose- Confucius, Buddha, Lao-zi and Socrates Reasons for Unification †¢ Reasons for Unification -China: centralization -India: casteRead MoreMediterranean Society Under Greek and Roman Influence Essay855 Words   |  4 Pagesthe ninth century B.C.E. and during the late sixth century B.C.E, Rome’s development as a republic began as Etruscan society declined†(Bentley et al, 2008 p.132, 145). The development of these empires encouraged cultural circulation, blending the culture of the two empires into the land it conquered. As Greece and Rome gained more territory within the Mediterranean society, they began to progress toward a more civilized order of humanity. How were they alike? How were they different? How did theyRead MoreThe Christianity Of Christianity From A Pagan Society867 Words   |  4 Pagesthe development of Christianity from a Pagan society to Christianity. This development is mentioned in Bede’s work Ecclesiastical History of the Christian People. He discusses kings who helps bring the faith of Christianity to a rise. Paganism does exist even if C hristianity began to rise. Bede suggests there is variations in England due to paganism existing and Christianity is trying to arise. Variations are involved in Paganism at a time when it is dominant over Christianity. By the time of PopeRead MoreChristianity Presentation719 Words   |  3 PagesChristianity Presentation REL/134 Professor Pringle Chagoll Buhl Christianity Presentation Overview ââ€" ª What is Christianity ââ€" ª Christianity Beliefs ââ€" ª What is Nontraditional ââ€" ª Nontraditional Beliefs ââ€" ª Summary ââ€" ª Reference What is Christianity? Christianity[note 1] is an Abrahamic, monotheistic[1] religion based on the life and oral teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world s largest religion,[2][3] with about 2.4 billion adherents,[4][5][6] knownRead MoreReligion : A Unified System Of Beliefs And Practices949 Words   |  4 Pagesreligion is part of people’s culture as culture is also the beliefs and the values of people in a society. Religion plays a very important role in every culture, including American culture. America allow all practice of religion so people who are not allow to practice a religion in other culture move to American soil. The movement of religion from other country to America has made the nation religiously diverse as compare to other nation. Religion in American culture consist of Native American traditionalRead MoreTheme Of Paganism In Beowulf1179 Words   |  5 PagesBeowulf, when it was being created, though the passing down of the epic narrative in verbal form, the Christianity age would provide a residual effect to the story. The ideas mixed is not signifying a struggle to attain religious power in the entire story, but the poem is blended with heroic ideals of Paganisms as well as self-sacrificing values which govern Christianity. The elements of Christianity and Paganism gives the poem a touch of delicate mosaic in its formation. The concepts of Fame, VengeanceRead MoreChinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart Essay1736 Words   |  7 Pagesbrilliant account of historical African culture and the destruction colonialism can cause upon such cultures. As the reader follows the narrative and complexity of the characters through the novel, a sense of pride, trust, and faith in history emerges. Yet, with the introduction of colonialism the characters must learn to embrace and adapt to a new culture and set of beliefs or face termination from society. The novel explores the troubles of African cultures and their adaptation to colonialism. AsRead MoreChristianity : The Rise Of Christianity1512 Words   |  7 PagesBefore the rise of Christianity as a major religion in the European area, Paganism was a belief that was common a mong all people across Europe. Paganism involved polytheistic beliefs with ritualistic tradition and animal sacrifice. This belief was common in the Anglo-Saxon tradition, which is from where the epic poem Beowulf is thought to have originated circa 550 AD. Due to the origins of Beowulf being surrounded by Pagan tradition and culture and reliance on the method of oral recitation of theRead MoreEssay on Legacy of Rome and Christianity923 Words   |  4 PagesLegacy of Rome and Christianity Christianity came into existence almost 2000 years ago. Christianity, like Judaism, rose from obscurity to become the dominant religion of Western culture. Christianity also became the dominant faith of Rome at the end of fourth century A.D. (Matthews 157.) Both Christianity and Rome influenced Europe in a number of ways. Christianity soon became the greater part of the empire. Between 284 and 476, Roman civilization went through two stages. One

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Article Review The Orlando Shooting - 1907 Words

On the 13th of June, there was an attack in Orlando, Florida. It was held at the L.G.B.T. nightclub, which caused 50 death fatalities. President Obama told the reporters that this moment is to remind everyone regardless of race and religion, they’re all Americans and need to look out and protect each other. The President is stressing on the need to oppose violent extremism and the need to work harder in order to tighten America’s gun law. The President made an announcement, â€Å"We have to go after these terrorist organizations and hit them hard, we have to encounter extremism...it’s not easy for somebody who decides they want to harm people....† He believes people think about terrorism, instead of thinking about the weapons that could harm others. It is a risk for the country to have an easy firearm, whether for safety or not, it is lethal. Relevance: The Orlando shooting is one of the most tragic events that happened in the U.S., which causes people to wonder what will happen in the future, such as, â€Å"Will there be more deaths arriving at an untimely manner?† The opinions about banning/tightening gun protection are unscrupulous to others whereas the other majority trusts that it will benefit the United States later on, including myself. However, this issue will become bigger because it makes people realize that they live in an unsafe location Political Cartoon: Summary: How Abortion Restrictions Could Collide With Zika in the U.S. this Summer Alexandra Sifferlin July 7,Show MoreRelatedThe Importance Of Police Body Cameras On The Police Force1497 Words   |  6 Pagestechnology will provide an â€Å"unambiguous account of police-civilian encounters† (Harvard Law Review, 2015). There is the obvious theory of transparency that goes along with the mandate for police body cameras and only time will measure its true historic viability. This paper will review the statistical results from the pilot exercises conducted and who is embracing this new technology. Literature Review Police body cameras indeed may prove to have a long-term positive effect for law enforcementRead MoreAnswer All Questions In The Activity Box Essay981 Words   |  4 Pagesof gun owners has also increased mass shooting in schools, concerts, and the streets. Evidence for this claim would be the recent shootings in the past 20 years (Sandy Hook shooting, Las Vegas Shooting, Orlando Nightclub shooting, Charleston). I would also include statistics and one or two detailed stories of a mass shooting, how the country and families of those shooters reacted. A claim that would be too emotional would be that â€Å"Guns cause mass shootings and anybody who owns a gun has the potentialRead Morestand your ground law Essay1612 Words   |  7 Pagesthe law are far too great to be ignored; therefore something has to be done to prevent further miss use of the law. Violent crime rates were up just slightly after the introduction of the law in 2005 and began to decline in 2008. According to an article published in the Tampa By Times by Angie Drobonic â€Å"By 2011, the violent crime rate had dropped 14 percent since 2005†. The fact is that there was a decrease in the crime rate, but according to Senator Chis Smith who was the House Democratic leaderRead MoreThe Problems Of Nigeria Police Essay1267 Words   |  6 PagesR. 2011). What if those police officers had worn a body camera that shows all angles of the shootings? Would we see the truth of what actually happened when these men were killed if the officers had worn a body camera? 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In direct response to the Columbine High School shooting, schools across the country adopted a variety of â€Å"safety† measures that included mandatory uniforms to prevent the wearing of gang colors and allowing faculty to more readily identify intruders, installation of metalRead MoreEffect Of Citizen Police Academies On Community Relationships With The Police Essay1970 Words   |  8 Pages The Effect of Citizen Police Academies on Community Relationships with the Police Background Over the past several years, there have been several high-profile police-involved shootings, and the justification behind the shooting has been questioned. Several of these shootings have resulted in a subsequent criminal conviction involving some form of a homicide charge for the police officer involved. 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Unfortunately, researc h shows that these policies are not being implemented in this manner, but instead see these policies leading to what Kelling and Coles referred to as the â€Å"Broken Windows† theory of crime (Kelling Coles, 1997). This theory of crime shows a â€Å"trickle-down effect† of how things that start as minor crimes can then lead to more serious issues and crimes. For example, Steven Teske described this theory in his article, A study of zero tolerance

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Check 21

Check 21-The Float has sunk Essay Check 21 / CCAF ActThe Float has sunkCheck 21 and the ConsumerChecking Account Fairness (CCAF) Act The Float Has SunkNear the end of 2004, the Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act (Check 21) went into effect, bringing with it mixed opinions on what consumers and bankers alike could expect. The now law dealt with the exchange of digitized checks opposed to physical checks, and decreased processing time drastically. The belief among many circles was that checks would begin to bounce en masse, and that the consumer would be impacted in a drastic way. This paper touches on the underlying subject of the float as well as subsequent legislation entitled the Consumer Checking Account Fairness Act (CCAF) that addresses imperfections in Check 21. We will offer information on both acts and show how we as the consumer can expect to be affected. The FloatVentureline. com defines the term float as being the time between the deposit of checks in a bank and when the amount is truly accessible (2005). This term, although unfamiliar to some, represents a time honored practice that virtually everyone, of any age, has become familiar with. With respect to our personal finances, a float is used to buy the consumer time before funds must be withdrawn from an account. It is advantageous to use from the standpoint of cash flow, as funds might not be available immediately to cover a check, but are expected. This gives the consumer a small amount of leeway in writing checks, as the float may afford the consumer several days before they must cover a check. In a business setting, things are a bit different. There are still advantages that can be realized from a cash flow standpoint, however the float is more of a tool than a resource for the business, and corporate use of the float has revolved more around profit than prevention. In every business, or household for that matter, there will always be two separate balances for cash. The first refers to the actual recorded amount on the corporate books, while the second is represented by the balance that the bank shows. The difference between these figures, or the float, means that a business can take advantage of short term cash to use for other means. For example, if a company writes $1,000 worth of checks to vendors and receives $1,000 from customers, there would be no difference in what the corporate books show as operating cash available. However, consider another possible scenario. If the full $1,000 from customers clears the host bank while only $600 of payables checks run the clearing cycle, there is a temporary, short term amount of cash that is available to the firm. In some instances, the float can enable companies to benefit from short term loans with no interest consequence. In their text entitled Foundations of Financial Management, Block Hirt state that Some companies actually operate with a negative cash balance on the corporate books, knowing float will carry them through at the bank. Our example above illustrates this fact, and the float makes it possible to write $1,400 of checks against income of $1,000 and benefit from what is, in essence, a short term loan. Reality Check 21In late 2004, Congress enacted the Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act (Check 21). The act took technology to the forefront of banking and eliminated one, time consuming step in the check cashing process-the need for the physical check to change hands. The law permits the use of substitute checks to facilitate the clearing process, and as a result, clearing times would be substantially decreased. One could obviously see how this technology could jeopardize the use of float both personally and commercially. .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a , .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a .postImageUrl , .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a , .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a:hover , .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a:visited , .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a:active { border:0!important; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a:active , .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ue410a9330c3287d06b8955302a75768a:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Summary of 1984 essay This new technology would enable banks to eliminate the time it takes to clear checks and potentially eliminate float altogether. However, in her article entitled Still Got Float, author Karen Bankston suggests that there is still hope. Addressing the issue of whether we have seen the last of float, Bankston states that for many institutions the return for quicker check clearance-except for those checks of high amounts-does not justify the current, relatively high cost of converting them (estimated at 5 to 7 cents per check) to an electronic image (Jan 2005). This fact suggests that full conversion is still a matter of time. Michael Sisk, author of Shifting Gears agrees with this estimate on cost and implementation, and believes that in the infancy stages of implementation, the largest banks will have the resources to jump in headfirst. Following this, will be the ones hoping to learn from mistakes made by the initial wave, and finally the rest of the industry (Sisk, 2005). One drawback in the progression of this theory is that there are competitive reasons to be a leader in this realm; specifically, cost advantages can be passed onto corporate clients and bundled into cash management packages (Sisk 2005). CCAFIn response to Check 21, and the potential death of float, New York Rep. Carolyn B. Maloney, a member of the House Financial Services Committee, has sponsored H.R 5410, the Consumer Checking Account Fairness Act, or CCAF. This legislation was proposed to redress imbalances between the speed of withdrawals under Check 21 and the slower speed of crediting deposits (Schneider, 2005). In other words, there is apparently life left in float, only not the way the check writer would hope. Banks are still able, and willing to hold certain deposits made by consumers and businesses alike, taking advantage of float interest. Allowing this to happen, would only become more problematic for consumers as Check 21 gains momentum. With reduced clearing times and check holding procedures remaining at the status quo, the float advantage shifts to one side only, and left holding the overdraft fee is the bank member or business. To combat this, the aforementioned legislation is seeking to address hold times, as well as other issues involving deposits such as ATM deposit availability, and credit v. debit priority. In response to this, Ivan Schneider, in his article entitled The Flap Over The Float, suggests that Check 21 is not to blame, stating it (CCAF) explicitly makes a connection between Check 21 and hold times, even though the two are unrelated (Schneider, 2005). In other words, the new law simply eliminates the formality of a piece of paper (2005) and was not penned to do away with float for the consumer. Summary In the opening paragraph, we defined float according to financial standards. One definition we are probably more accustomed to is Websters, n- something that floats in or on the surface of a fluid (Websters). This could refer to a device that helps us keep our heads above water. Ironically, our financial definition could serve as a figurative equivalent. However, float, as we have known it, is on life support. Check 21 may not have been designed for the purpose of eliminating float time, but it most certainly has achieved this as a by-product. It remains a mystery as to how much longer it will be before banks are able to spend the money to fully integrate with what has come to be known as IRDs, or image replacement documents. So in the meantime, depending upon whom you bank with, or the size of the check you write, may dictate whether or not your documents are electronically sent. One thing that is certain, the advantage has now swung in the direction of the banking center, and only time will tell whether or not there will be relief under CCAF.ReferencesBankston, Karen, Still Got Float, Credit Union Management; Jan2005Sisk, Michael, Its Time for a Reality Check on Check 21, Bank TechnologyNews; Jan2005Retrieved Apr 25, 2005 from www.ventureline.com/glossarySchneider, Ivan, Cut the Fee or Wait and See?, Bank Systems Technology,2005, CMP media LLC. .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e , .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e .postImageUrl , .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e , .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e:hover , .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e:visited , .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e:active { border:0!important; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e:active , .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u11af55a7064850e9c6bef791ab55a69e:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: University of Florida Volleyball Essay Retrieved April 26, 2005 from: www.banktech.comSchneider, Ivan, The Flap Over The Float, Bank Systems Technology, 2005,CMP media LLC. Retrieved April 26, 2005 from: www.banktech.com

Sunday, April 19, 2020

The history of labor unions in U.S.

The labor relations system that exists in the U.S today has a historical background dating back from early 1800s. After an in-depth look of the labor history I noted that most events which unfolded over the years altered the course of labor relations in America. Many labor unions were formed in a successive sequence to address the issues and conflicts of their respective members (Rayback, 2008).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The history of labor unions in U.S. specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Though to a lesser extent, the labor unions possessed a degree of similarity in structure, objectives, and strategies. However, many of the distinguishing features among the unions were predominantly the basis of the formation. The most prominent labor movements of the time were the Knights of Labor, The American Federation of Labor (AFL), The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), the latest Congress of Industria l Organization (CIO), among others. My analysis of the historical development encompasses various aspects of unionism, similarities and differences in the operations, and organizational strategies. Save for the AFL, other labor unions promoted the spirit of inclusiveness. For instance, the Knights of Labor enrolled all workers irrespective of their status. It was an umbrella union for the immigrants, women, skilled, unskilled, and even employers (Budd Irwin, 2013). This also applied to the IWW which combined workers from all divides comprising of the skilled and unskilled, young and old, natives and immigrants, white and nonwhite, male and female. Moreover, most unions under the CIO advocated for the empowerment of women at workplaces. Women were encouraged to join unions and even take up certain roles that were key in shaping the culture of unions. Additionally, the unions promoted the education of their members. For example, the Knights of Labor emphasized on the intellectual boo st through education. Likewise, the AFL provided the education and political lobbying although on small margin. Every labor union had a philosophy on which it was constituted. The Knights of Labor worked under the philosophy of uplift unionism. It meant that a union’s mandate was that of elevating the moral, intellectualism, and social welfare of the members. Since the AFL was a federation not a union, its members were labor unions not individual workers. This prompted the adoption of business unionism philosophy.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In contrast to the uplift unionism emphasized an immediate improvements in wages, hours of work, and favorable working conditions. It also accepted capitalism and the collective bargaining negotiations backed up by the threat of strike (Budd Irwin, 2013). The uplift unionism approach strongly opposed the use of strik es and boycotts in resolving employment conflicts. The IWW was formed with an essence of addressing the failures of AFL. It subscribed to the revolutionary unionism philosophy which required the harmonization of the interests of all wage workers against their employers. As a result of industrial revolution, the CIO was founded on the philosophy of industrial unionism. Different labor unions had varying objectives and strategies. One of the aims of the Knight of Labor was to replace the wage system with the producer co-operatives. This was in an effort to restore the perceived lost democracy in the working environments. It was noted that capitalism and wage system degraded the workers in the sense that their values and skills need for a healthy, participative democracy were completely ruined. As for the AFL, its goal was to offer the necessary support for the independent unions in terms of establishing and maintaining the job standards by use of work rules. Unlike Knights of Labor, t he AFL ensured that all union members had explicit rights to manage and control their affairs. Given the conditions that prevailed as at the time of formation, I can confirm that most of the labor unions showed the capabilities of withstanding the turbulent economic times that laid ahead. Some of them had many members translating to an impeccable financial stability. For instance, the AFL provided financial assistance to the striking unions. It was also easy for it to conduct political lobbying on behalf of the member unions. Most unions had power to navigate through hostile legislation regimes. Despite the frequent interruption from the state, the AFL, for example, was not cowed by the involvement of military in breaking the strikes (Budd Irwin, 2013). The success of a majority of the labor unions was due to able leadership and commitment. The leaders had the will, power, and drive in execution of their roles such that the members’ goals and interests were fully achieved. S ome of them even lost their lives as a result of it.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The history of labor unions in U.S. specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In a critical analysis of the operationalization of key objectives and strategies of the IWW, I learnt that it was destined to fail in the long run. This is because the revolutionary motive on which it was based on had more harms than good not only to the government, but also to the economy at large (Arsene, 2004). Its spirit of inclusiveness fused together with labor radicalism ensued hostility from employers and other labor unions such as the AFL. The downfall of the IWW started after an intense strike by its members protesting over wage cut. The AFL remained strong due to its ability to undertake timely negotiations on wages. It portrayed a picture of a friendly federation to employers because it did not support inclusiveness and labor radicalism. F rom the foregoing discussion, I can deduce that the American labor history is the foundation of the labor unionism of that is being exhibited not only in the American states, but also across the world. The understanding of the ancient labor relations in rejuvenates the mastery of unionism and labor-management relations. References Arsene, E. (2004). The human tradition of the American labor history. Greenhill, U.S.A: Scholarly Resources Inc. Budd, J., Irwin, R. (2013). Labor relations: Striking a balance (4th ed.). New York, U.S.A: Mc Graw-Hill Publisher. Rayback, J. (2008). History of American labor. New York, U.S.A: McMillan Publishing Company. This research paper on The history of labor unions in U.S. was written and submitted by user Sara L. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Saturday, March 14, 2020

Misplaced Modifier - Definitions and Examples

Misplaced Modifier s A misplaced modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that doesnt clearly relate to the word or phrase it is intended to modify. In prescriptive grammar, misplaced modifiers are usually regarded as errors. Mark Lester and Larry Beason point out that misplaced modifiers do not make sentences ungrammatical. Misplaced modifiers are wrong because they say something the writer did not intend to say (McGraw-Hill Handbook, 2012). A misplaced modifier can usually be corrected by moving it closer to the word or phrase it should be describing. See Examples and Observations below. Also see: Practice in Avoiding Misplaced Modifiers Examples and Observations Plastic bags are a favorite of grocers because of their price, about 2 cents per bag compared to 5 cents for paper. Used widely since the 1970s, environmentalists now estimate between 500 billion to a trillion bags are produced annually worldwide.(Savannah Morning News, January 30, 2008)â€Å"An hour later a chubby man in a wrinkled suit with pasty skin walked in.†(David Baldacci, The Innocent. Grand Central Publishing, 2012)A Swiss farmer has discovered a huge trove of ancient Roman coins in his cherry orchard. . . .  Weighing around 15kg (33lb), he discovered the coins after spotting something shimmering in a molehill.(BBC News, November 19, 2015)Bank worker tried to film naked women as they lay in tanning booths on his mobile phone.(Headline in the Daily Mail [UK], September 6, 2012)For many people eating spoonfuls of Marmite every day would be their worst nightmare, but for St John Skelton it’s his dream job. . . . Despite being loathed by millions across the worl d, St John can’t get enough of the stuff and eats it almost every day.(Meet the Man Who Earns a Living Eating Marmite. The Sun [UK], April 14, 2012) Princess Beatrice, who is starting a history degree at Goldsmiths College, London, later this year, was photographed running in the surf on the island of St Barts with her American boyfriend Dave Clark dressed in a blue bikini last month.(Sarah, Duchess of York Defends Princess Beatrices Weight Against Rude Critics. The Daily Telegraph [UK], May 13, 2008)April Dawn Peters, 31, of 2194 Grandview Way, in Cosby, [was] arrested Sept. 19, at 10:30 p.m., and charged with aggravated assault after she allegedly hit a man on his head at least five times with a hammer that she was having sex with.(Newport [Tenn.] Plain Talk, September 22, 2012)And when upon your dainty breast I layMy wearied head, more soft than eiderdown.(William Nathan Stedman)They just said its going to rain on the radio.(Tiger comic strip)You are welcome to visit the cemetery where famous Russian composers, artists, and writers are buried daily, except on Thursdays.(in a guide to a Russian Orthodox monastery) Historians have been kept guessing over claims [that] Dr James Barry, Inspector General of Military Hospitals, was in fact a woman for more than 140 years.(The Daily Telegraph [UK], March 5, 2008)One of three sisters, Hilda’s father was a butcher who ran four shops in Oldham.(Tot of Sherry Keeps Hilda Going! Oldham Evening Chronicle [UK], August 20, 2010)Her only full-time paid employee is a pleasant young woman with a nose ring named Rebecca, who sits at the front desk.(reprinted in The New Yorker)She handed out brownies to children wrapped in Tupperware.(reprinted in The Revenge of Anguished English, by Richard Lederer)After being busted on drug charges in Los Angeles last month, a federal judge will decide on Friday whether to rescind his probation and send the rapper back to prison.(Rapper T.I. Talks Man off Ledge. Slate, October 14, 2010)Comedian Russell Brand revealed he did have sex with model Sophie Coady during a High Court hearing on Monday.(Russell Brand Confesses i n Court . . .. The Daily Mail [UK], December 24, 2013) Safires Bloopie Awards Never has the competition for the Most Egregiously Misplaced Modifier Bloopie been hotter. Among the candidates:Lands End, the Direct Merchants, on their bathing attire: We can fit you in a swimsuit that fits and flattersright over the phone! The swimsuit flatters over the phone? . . . Better to swing the end of the sentence to the front, where the pronoun to be modified can be found: Right over the phone, we can fit you etc.And heres a juicy one from Minute Maid: Help todays U.S. Olympic Hopefuls become tomorrows Olympic Champions by purchasing Minute Maid Quality Products. Athletes do not become tomorrows champs by purchasing anything; swing the end around to the beginning and attach it to a you: By purchasing . . . you can help etc.The winner in this category? The envelope, please: Its Honda Motor Cars, with its wildly swerving claim, While pleasing to your eye, the air passing over and around the body hardly notices it. Air is not pleasing to your eye; the cars body should come i mmediately after the modifying phrase. Thus: While pleasing to your eye, the body is hardly noticed by the air passing over and around it. That formulation would not make a whole lot of sense, either, but at least the modifier would be attached to the right noun.(William Safire, On Language: The Bloopie Awards. The New York Times, May 17, 1992) Slippery Modifiers Certain modifiers are slippery; they slide into the wrong position in the sentence. The most dangerous are only, almost, already, even, just, nearly, merely, and always. No: They almost worked five years on that system. Yes: They worked almost five years on that system. In general, these slippery descriptors should appear just before the terms they modify. (E. H. Weiss, 100 Writing Remedies. Greenwood, 1990) James Thurber on the Placement ofOnly Where to use only in a sentence is a moot question, one of the mootest questions in all rhetoric. The purist will say that the expression: He only died last week is incorrect, and that it should be: He died only last week. The purists contention is that the first sentence, if carried out to a natural conclusion, would give us something like this: He only died last week, he didnt do anything else, thats all he did. It isnt a natural conclusion, however, because nobody would say that and if anybody did it would be likely to lead to stomping of feet and clapping of hands, because it is one of those singy-songy expressions which set a certain type of person to acting rowdy and becoming unmanageable. It is better just to let the expression go, either one way or the other, because, after all, this particular sentence is of no importance except in cases where one is breaking the news to a mother. In such cases one should begin with: Mrs. Gormley, your son has had an accident, or: Mrs. Gorml ey, your son is not so good, and then lead up gently to: He died only last week.The best way is often to omit only and use some other expression. Thus, instead of saying: He only died last week, one could say: It was no longer ago than last Thursday that George L. Wodolgoffing became an angel. Moreover, this is more explicit and eliminates the possibility of a misunderstanding as to who died.(James Thurber, Our Own Modern English Usage: Only and One. The New Yorker, February 23, 1929. Reprinted in The Owl in the Attic and Other Perplexities. Harper Brothers, 1931) Pronunciation: MIS-plast MOD-i-FI-er

Thursday, February 27, 2020

The Advantages of Including Clinical Simulation in Nursing Education Research Paper

The Advantages of Including Clinical Simulation in Nursing Education - Research Paper Example This way, the individual is fully engaged in something that he might otherwise just read about or watch someone else doing. However, in most situations, people are just asked to â€Å"watch and learn† and be expected to automatically imbibe what is being taught. Somehow, for most people, this is not enough, especially for those in jobs that would require actual practice before they apply what they have learned. Nursing is one example of a career that would need much practical experience before implementation as a career. Since nurses are entrusted with the lives of their patients, having no clue as to what to do with them in actual practice, no matter if they are just new in their profession, is no excuse. It would be a risky and unprofessional thing to do. Lacking practical experience, nursing students cannot just rely on their theoretical knowledge gained from school. New Training Technique One new development in nursing education is the use of clinical simulation. This is a teaching methodology that provides students with learning experiences closely resembling real-life circumstances that they are likely to encounter in their professional practice. â€Å"Simulated clinical experience requires immersing students in a representative patient-care scenario, a setting that mimics the actual environment with sufficient realism to allow learners to suspend disbelief† (Waxsman:29). Faced with a simulated environment, they gain familiarity with situations that they will most probably encounter in their future profession. They get to see the real equipment to be used, the set up in a clinical environment, and get an idea of how it feels like to be in a clinic, hospital room or operating room. In this method, student nurses get the opportunity to use a lifelike high-fidelity manikin which is interactive and realistic (Jeffries: 56). Different scenarios that nurses are likely to encounter with their patients are played out during simulation sessions that would summon their skills and knowledge. The manikin would serve as a sample patient that the nurses can attend to depending on the symptoms presented. High and low-fidelity manikins as well as skill and task trainers, virtual reality trainers, computer-based simulators and scenarios and even standardized patients comprise the simulation education package (Jeffries: 60). In clinical simulation, they get exposed to various scenarios and are supposed to apply what they have learned in a safe and controlled environment that will not risk the safety and life of any patient. This is very much different from the traditional teaching methods that nursing students have been accustomed to such as lectures, discussions, role-play and laboratory practice, as these may no longer be effective (Waxman:30). What is currently being promoted in education is the adherence to constructivist pedagogical approaches wherein more active, experiential learning strategies reflect real world practices. Parke r & Myrick (42) contend that clinical simulation has constructivist pedagogical underpinnings fostering interpretive, generative learning which is suited to the promotion of transformative learning. Through the use of clinically- simulated scenarios, students engage in concrete experiences likely to be done in their future practice. The Process of Clinical Simulation Human patient simulation (HPS) is the technology behind clinical simulation in nursing education. Bearnson and Wiker (422) explain that a human-like manikin designed with human-like responses and function is controlled by a computer by the